While there was some re-foundation of anarchist organizations, none of them ever acquired the status or the mass membership of the early twentieth-century groups. Anarchism also influenced the history of American literature and the humanities in the improvement of a modernist—revolutionary—aesthetic, joining American improvements to the British and Continental avant-garde. Events within the Eighteen Eighties prompted literary responses, together with a major novel, The Princess Casamassima by Henry James (1843–1916), which ambiguously joined the query of worldwide anarchic politics and the query of the artist as activist. William Dean Howells (1837–1920), like so many, discovered the Haymarket affair distressing, though he didn’t carry through with this idea in a specific work. Still, as Arthur Redding argues, perhaps the anarchist visions of August Spies or Johann Most influenced Howells’s sympathetic portrayal of the socialist character Lindau in A Hazard of New Fortunes .
It is additional maintained by anarchists that the … Read More