A sort of sterile infighting set in, along with extreme economic difficulties. A few of the communities would survive into the 20 th century, carrying along traces of their unique egalitarian ideas.
Marxism additionally promised, in essence, a developmental dictatorship to the more backward components of Europe—that is, a system that may convey extra underdeveloped areas into the era of the manufacturing unit and the nation-state, and then would go beyond them. The utopian socialists suffered within the widespread repressions that adopted the revolutions of 1848. But there were inherent weaknesses of their concepts that also contributed to their decline (although not disappearance) in the second half of the nineteenth century. The biggest problem was the small-scale orientation of utopian socialism at a time when industrial units had been becoming ever larger and the wave of nationalism was superimposing national upon native and regional identities.
In October 1883 delegates from … Read More