Rokkan’s schema of political development also highlights instances of nations with nonuniform political cultures. This lack of uniformity may be due to resistance on the a part of some peripheral areas to the method of cultural standardization promoted by the center or to shortcomings or delays in the state formation process. Spain, the Netherlands, and Italy are three examples of nations that have skilled nation-constructing difficulties because of cultural variations within their frontiers. Spain is a case of early state formation, however it has been unable to overcome the resistance of peripheral areas with considerable financial assets, which have managed to keep up linguistic and cultural autonomy. After the transition to democracy within the Seventies, the new structure, launched in 1978, recognizes the existence of a plurality of countries within the Kingdom of Spain.
Unlike conceptual improvements in everyday life, in the field of scientific analysis, each conceptual innovation is … Read More