Specifically, they needed to establish communal land rights for Mexico’s indigenous inhabitants, which had mostly lost its land to the rich elite of European descent. Zapata was partly influenced by Ricardo Flores Magón. The affect of Flores Magón on Zapata could be seen within the Zapatistas’ Plan de Ayala, but much more noticeably in their slogan (this slogan was by no means used by Zapata) Tierra y libertad or “land and liberty”, the title and maxim of Flores Magón’s most famous work. The collectivist anarchists sought to collectivize possession of the technique of production while retaining cost proportional to the quantity and type of labor of each individual, however the anarcho-communists sought to increase the concept of collective ownership to the merchandise of labor as well.
Kropotkin, a self-proclaimed anarchist, explicitly argued towards narratives of progress and modernity that required robust state presence or presupposed an each-man-for-himself state of nature. … Read More